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2019年10月中國制造業PMI為49.3% 比上月下降0.5個百分點

來源:國家統計局 時間:2019-11-01 10:51:26

GUOJIATONGJIJUFUWUYEDIAOCHAZHONGXIN

ZHONGGUOWULIUYUCAIGOULIANHEHUI

一、中國制造業采購經理指數運行情況

2019NIAN10YUEFEN,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYECAIGOUJINGLIZHISHU(PMI)WEI49.3%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG0.5GEBAIFENDIAN。

CONGQIYEGUIMOKAN,DAXINGQIYEPMIWEI49.9%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG0.9GEBAIFENDIAN;ZHONGXINGQIYEPMIWEI49.0%,GAOYUSHANGYUE0.4GEBAIFENDIAN;XIAOXINGQIYEPMIWEI47.9%,DIYUSHANGYUE0.9GEBAIFENDIAN。

pk10游戏CONGFENLEIZHISHUKAN,ZAIGOUCHENGZHIZAOYEPMIDE5GEFENLEIZHISHUZHONG,SHENGCHANZHISHUHEGONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIANZHISHUGAOYULINJIEDIAN,XINDINGDANZHISHU、YUANCAILIAOKUCUNZHISHUHECONGYERENYUANZHISHUDIYULINJIEDIAN。

SHENGCHANZHISHUWEI50.8%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO1.5GEBAIFENDIAN,RENGGAOYULINJIEDIAN,BIAOMINGZHIZAOYESHENGCHANJIXUBAOCHIKUOZHANGTAISHI,KUOZHANGBUFAFANGHUAN。

XINDINGDANZHISHUWEI49.6%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG0.9GEBAIFENDIAN,JIANGZHILINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGZHIZAOYESHICHANGXUQIUYOUSUOHUILUO。

pk10游戏YUANCAILIAOKUCUNZHISHUWEI47.4%,BISHANGYUEXIAOFUXIAJIANG0.2GEBAIFENDIAN,WEIYULINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGZHIZAOYEZHUYAOYUANCAILIAOKUCUNLIANGJIANSHAO。

pk10游戏CONGYERENYUANZHISHUWEI47.3%,BISHANGYUEHUISHENG0.3GEBAIFENDIAN,WEIYULINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGZHIZAOYEQIYEYONGGONGLIANGJIANGFUYOUSUOSHOUZHAI。

GONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIANZHISHUWEI50.1%,SUIBISHANGYUEHUILUO0.4GEBAIFENDIAN,DANLVEGAOYULINJIEDIAN,BIAOMINGZHIZAOYEYUANCAILIAOGONGYINGSHANGJIAOHUOSHIJIANJIAOSHANGYUESHAOYOUJIAKUAI。

表1 中國制造業PMI及構成指數(經季節調整)

DANWEI:%

 

PMI

 

生產

新訂單

原材料

庫存

從業人員

供應商配送時間

2018NIAN10YUE

50.2

52.0

50.8

47.2

48.1

49.5

201811

50.0

51.9

50.4

47.4

48.3

50.3

201812

49.4

50.8

49.7

47.1

48.0

50.4

20191

49.5

50.9

49.6

48.1

47.8

50.1

20192

49.2

49.5

50.6

46.3

47.5

49.8

20193

50.5

52.7

51.6

48.4

47.6

50.2

20194

50.1

52.1

51.4

47.2

47.2

49.9

20195

49.4

51.7

49.8

47.4

47.0

50.9

20196

49.4

51.3

49.6

48.2

46.9

50.2

20197

49.7

52.1

49.8

48.0

47.1

50.1

20198

49.5

51.9

49.7

47.5

46.9

50.3

20199

49.8

52.3

50.5

47.6

47.0

50.5

201910

49.3

50.8

49.6

47.4

47.3

50.1

表2 中國制造業PMI其他相關指標情況(經季節調整)

DANWEI:%

 

新出口

訂單

進口

采購量

主要原材料購進價格

出廠

價格

產成品

庫存

在手

訂單

生產經營活動預期

201810

46.9

47.6

51.0

58.0

52.0

47.1

44.3

56.4

201811

47.0

47.1

50.8

50.3

46.4

48.6

44.3

54.2

201812

46.6

45.9

49.8

44.8

43.3

48.2

44.1

52.7

20191

46.9

47.1

49.1

46.3

44.5

47.1

43.7

52.5

20192

45.2

44.8

48.3

51.9

48.5

46.4

43.6

56.2

20193

47.1

48.7

51.2

53.5

51.4

47.0

46.4

56.8

20194

49.2

49.7

51.1

53.1

52.0

46.5

44.0

56.5

20195

46.5

47.1

50.5

51.8

49.0

48.1

44.3

54.5

20196

46.3

46.8

49.7

49.0

45.4

48.1

44.5

53.4

20197

46.9

47.4

50.4

50.7

46.9

47.0

44.7

53.6

20198

47.2

46.7

49.3

48.6

46.7

47.8

44.8

53.3

20199

48.2

47.1

50.4

52.2

49.9

47.1

44.7

54.4

201910

47.0

46.9

49.8

50.4

48.0

46.7

44.9

54.2

二、中國非制造業采購經理指數運行情況

pk10游戏2019NIAN10YUEFEN,FEIZHIZAOYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUWEI52.8%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO0.9GEBAIFENDIAN,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYEZONGTIBAOCHIKUOZHANGTAISHI,ZENGSUYOUSUOFANGHUAN。

pk10游戏FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUWEI51.4%,DIYUSHANGYUE1.6GEBAIFENDIAN,FUWUYEJINGQIYOUSUOHUILUO。CONGXINGYEDALEIKAN,HANGKONGYUNSHUYE、YOUZHENGYE、HULIANWANGRUANJIANXINXIJISHUFUWUDENGXINGYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUWEIYU55.0%YISHANGJIAOGAOJINGQIQUJIAN,YEWUZONGLIANGJIXUBAOCHIJIAOKUAIKUOZHANG。PIFAYE、ZIBENSHICHANGFUWU、FANGDICHANYEDENGXINGYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUWEIYUSHOUSUOQUJIAN。JIANZHUYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUWEI60.4%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG2.8GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHONGFANGAOWEIJINGQIQUJIAN。

pk10游戏XINDINGDANZHISHUWEI49.4%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG1.1GEBAIFENDIAN,WEIYULINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYESHICHANGDINGDANYOUSUOJIANSHAO。FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYEXINDINGDANZHISHUWEI48.4%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG1.3GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANZHUYEXINDINGDANZHISHUWEI54.8%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO0.3GEBAIFENDIAN。

TOURUPINJIAGEZHISHUWEI51.3%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO1.5GEBAIFENDIAN,WEIYULINJIEDIANZHISHANG,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYEQIYEYONGYUJINGYINGHUODONGDETOURUPINJIAGEZONGTISHUIPINGZHANGFUSHOUZHAI。FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYETOURUPINJIAGEZHISHUWEI50.9%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO1.9GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANZHUYETOURUPINJIAGEZHISHUWEI53.1%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG0.6GEBAIFENDIAN。

XIAOSHOUJIAGEZHISHUWEI48.9%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG1.1GEBAIFENDIAN,LUOZHILINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYEXIAOSHOUJIAGEZONGTISHUIPINGHUANBIHUILUO。FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYEXIAOSHOUJIAGEZHISHUWEI48.4%,BISHANGYUEXIAJIANG1.4GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANZHUYEXIAOSHOUJIAGEZHISHUWEI52.2%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG0.8GEBAIFENDIAN。

CONGYERENYUANZHISHUWEI48.2%,YUSHANGYUECHIPING,WEIYULINJIEDIANZHIXIA,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYEQIYEYONGGONGLIANGJIANSHAO。FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYECONGYERENYUAN ZHISHUWEI47.6%,BISHANGYUELVEJIANG0.1GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANZHUYECONGYERENYUANZHISHUWEI51.8%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG0.7GEBAIFENDIAN。

pk10游戏YEWUHUODONGYUQIZHISHUWEI60.7%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG1.0GEBAIFENDIAN,SHENGZHIGAOWEIJINGQIQUJIAN,BIAOMINGFEIZHIZAOYEQIYEDUIWEILAISHICHANGFAZHANXINXINZENGQIANG。FENXINGYEKAN,FUWUYEYEWUHUODONGYUQIZHISHUWEI60.3%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG1.0GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANZHUYEYEWUHUODONGYUQIZHISHUWEI63.2%,BISHANGYUESHANGSHENG1.2GEBAIFENDIAN。

表3中國非制造業主要分類指數(經季節調整)

DANWEI:%

 

商務活動

新訂單

投入品

價格

銷售價格

從業人員

業務活動

預期

201810

53.9

50.1

54.9

51.2

48.9

60.6

201811

53.4

50.1

50.8

49.4

48.7

60.9

201812

53.8

50.4

50.1

47.6

48.5

60.8

20191

54.7

51.0

52.0

49.8

48.6

59.6

20192

54.3

50.7

52.7

50.1

48.6

61.5

20193

54.8

52.5

52.5

51.0

48.7

61.1

20194

54.3

50.8

53.0

50.5

48.7

60.3

20195

54.3

50.3

52.2

49.9

48.3

60.2

20196

54.2

51.5

51.5

49.7

48.2

60.6

20197

53.7

50.4

52.9

50.6

48.7

59.8

20198

53.8

50.1

50.8

49.1

48.9

60.4

20199

53.7

50.5

52.8

50.0

48.2

59.7

201910

52.8

49.4

51.3

48.9

48.2

60.7

表4中國非制造業其他分類指數(經季節調整)

DANWEI:%

 

新出口訂單

在手訂單

存貨

供應商配送時間

201810

47.8

43.8

47.4

51.5

201811

50.1

43.7

46.7

51.4

201812

49.0

43.7

46.6

51.9

20191

49.5

44.0

47.6

51.4

20192

51.6

44.9

47.1

51.4

20193

49.9

45.0

47.1

51.5

20194

49.2

44.2

46.3

51.5

20195

47.9

44.4

46.6

51.7

20196

48.5

44.4

46.0

51.4

20197

48.4

44.4

45.5

52.0

20198

50.3

44.1

47.0

52.1

20199

47.3

43.9

46.4

51.9

201910

48.1

44.0

46.7

51.8

三、中國綜合

2019NIAN10YUEFEN,ZONGHEPMICHANCHUZHISHUWEI52.0%,BISHANGYUEHUILUO1.1GEBAIFENDIAN,BIAOMINGWOGUOQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZONGTIYANXUKUOZHANGTAISHI。

附注

1.ZHUYAOZHIBIAOJIESHI

CAIGOUJINGLIZHISHU(PMI),SHITONGGUODUIQIYECAIGOUJINGLIDEYUEDUDIAOCHAJIEGUOTONGJIHUIZONG、BIANZHIERCHENGDEZHISHU,TAHANGAILEQIYECAIGOU、SHENGCHAN、LIUTONGDENGGEGEHUANJIE,BAOKUOZHIZAOYEHEFEIZHIZAOYELINGYU,SHIGUOJISHANGTONGYONGDEJIANCEHONGGUANJINGJIZOUSHIDEXIANXINGXINGZHISHUZHIYI,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDEYUCE、YUJINGZUOYONG。ZONGHEPMICHANCHUZHISHUSHIPMIZHIBIAOTIXIZHONGFANYINGDANGQIQUANXINGYE(ZHIZAOYEHEFEIZHIZAOYE)CHANCHUBIANHUAQINGKUANGDEZONGHEZHISHU。PMITONGCHANGYI50%ZUOWEIJINGJIQIANGRUODEFENJIEDIAN,PMIGAOYU50%SHI,FANYINGJINGJIZONGTIKUOZHANG;DIYU50%,ZEFANYINGJINGJIZONGTISHOUSUO。

2.DIAOCHAFANWEI

SHEJI《GUOMINJINGJIXINGYEFENLEI》(GB/T4754-2017)ZHONGZHIZAOYEDE31GEXINGYEDALEI,3000JIADIAOCHAYANGBEN;FEIZHIZAOYEDE37GEXINGYEDALEI,4000JIADIAOCHAYANGBEN。

3.DIAOCHAFANGFA

CAIGOUJINGLIDIAOCHACAIYONGPPS(Probability Proportional to Size)CHOUYANGFANGFA,YIZHIZAOYEHUOFEIZHIZAOYEXINGYEDALEIWEICENG,XINGYEYANGBENLIANGANQIZENGJIAZHIZHANQUANBUZHIZAOYEHUOFEIZHIZAOYEZENGJIAZHIDEBIZHONGFENPEI,CENGNEIYANGBENSHIYONGYUQIYEZHUYINGYEWUSHOURUCHENGBILIDEGAILVCHOUQU。

BENDIAOCHAYOUGUOJIATONGJIJUZHISHUDIAOCHADUIJUTIZUZHISHISHI,LIYONGGUOJIATONGJILIANWANGZHIBAOXITONGDUIQIYECAIGOUJINGLIJINXINGYUEDUWENJUANDIAOCHA。

4.JISUANFANGFA

(1)FENLEIZHISHUDEJISUANFANGFA。ZHIZAOYECAIGOUJINGLIDIAOCHAZHIBIAOTIXIBAOKUOSHENGCHAN、XINDINGDAN、XINCHUKOUDINGDAN、ZAISHOUDINGDAN、CHANCHENGPINKUCUN、CAIGOULIANG、JINKOU、ZHUYAOYUANCAILIAOGOUJINJIAGE、CHUCHANGJIAGE、YUANCAILIAOKUCUN、CONGYERENYUAN、GONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIAN、SHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGYUQIDENG13GEFENLEIZHISHU。FEIZHIZAOYECAIGOUJINGLIDIAOCHAZHIBIAOTIXIBAOKUOSHANGWUHUODONG、XINDINGDAN、XINCHUKOUDINGDAN、ZAISHOUDINGDAN、CUNHUO、TOURUPINJIAGE、XIAOSHOUJIAGE、CONGYERENYUAN、GONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIAN、YEWUHUODONGYUQIDENG10GEFENLEIZHISHU。FENLEIZHISHUCAIYONGKUOSANZHISHUJISUANFANGFA,JIZHENGXIANGHUIDADEQIYEGESHUBAIFENBIJIASHANGHUIDABUBIANDEBAIFENBIDEYIBAN。YOUYUFEIZHIZAOYEMEIYOUHECHENGZHISHU,GUOJISHANGTONGCHANGYONGSHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUFANYINGFEIZHIZAOYEJINGJIFAZHANDEZONGTIBIANHUAQINGKUANG。

(2)ZHIZAOYEPMIZHISHUDEJISUANFANGFA。ZHIZAOYEPMISHIYOU5GEKUOSANZHISHU(FENLEIZHISHU)JIAQUANJISUANERCHENG。5GEFENLEIZHISHUJIQIQUANSHUSHIYIJUQIDUIJINGJIDEXIANXINGYINGXIANGCHENGDUQUEDINGDE。JUTIBAOKUO:XINDINGDANZHISHU,QUANSHUWEI30%;SHENGCHANZHISHU,QUANSHUWEI25%;CONGYERENYUANZHISHU,QUANSHUWEI20%;GONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIANZHISHU,QUANSHUWEI15%;YUANCAILIAOKUCUNZHISHU,QUANSHUWEI10%。QIZHONG,GONGYINGSHANGPEISONGSHIJIANZHISHUWEINIZHISHU,ZAIHECHENGZHIZAOYEPMIZHISHUSHIJINXINGFANXIANGYUNSUAN。

pk10游戏(3)ZONGHEPMICHANCHUZHISHUDEJISUANFANGFA。ZONGHEPMICHANCHUZHISHUYOUZHIZAOYESHENGCHANZHISHUYUFEIZHIZAOYESHANGWUHUODONGZHISHUJIAQUANQIUHEERCHENG,QUANSHUFENBIEWEIZHIZAOYEHEFEIZHIZAOYEZHANGDPDEBIZHONG。

5.JIJIEDIAOZHENG

pk10游戏CAIGOUJINGLIDIAOCHASHIYIXIANGYUEDUDIAOCHA,SHOUJIJIEYINSUYINGXIANG,SHUJUBODONGJIAODA。XIANFABUDEZHISHUJUNWEIJIJIEDIAOZHENGHOUDESHUJU。